Call for Papers – The 6th International Conference on “Higher Education Towards Inclusive Societies in the Middle East and North Africa”

Introduction
 
Dar al-Kalima University College of Arts and Culture (DAK) and the Christian Academic Forum for Citizenship in the Arab World (CAFCAW) are organizing their sixth international conference on “Higher Education Towards Inclusive Societies in the Middle East and North Africa” in October 2020. This conference builds on the 2019 “Towards Inclusive Societies” conference, the recommendations of which urged us to focus our work and attention on the role of higher education and to pursue a collective journey towards more inclusive societies.
 
Goals
 
At this conference, we will encourage scholars, experts and activists from the MENA countries to engage in a critical dialogue regarding the role of higher education in promoting social, religious and gender inclusivity. We will also discuss the role of higher education in empowering young women in the Arab world. In addition, this conference will address the conditions and platforms invested in higher education and how to use their skills and knowledge to build more open and engaged societies. Today our societies remain at a distance from addressing the serious social challenges or assessing ways to deal with the obstacles and limitations that abort some good initiatives. Educating towards social responsibility and raising awareness to the various options for inclusive communities becomes a necessity. The conference aims to motivate scholars to investigate these issues in present and future research and to urge policymakers to ensure that higher education is more accessible to all society members.
 
As such, we invite scholars to submit papers that tackle issues related to the current situation of MENA societies. The conference “Higher Education Towards Inclusive Societies in the Middle East and North Africa” provides an umbrella for the following sub-themes:
 
The challenges and potentials of higher education regarding:
Socio-cultural inclusivity, Religious diversity, Gender. 
The conference provides a forum for sharing recent research, highlighting social initiatives of change, promoting interaction and dialogue among participants, and gathering results into a comprehensive monograph accessible to a wider public.
 
The participation of scholars from different countries will foster interdisciplinary, multi-cultural arena for genuine continuous dialogues and bold thoughts. The conference is planned to take place from October 29 to November 1, 2020 on the island of Cyprus. It will consist of three days of lecturesdialogues, and socio-cultural, economic and education context evaluation. The program will be conducted in Arabic.
 
Title
Education Towards Inclusive Societies in Middle East and North Africa
 
Aim
To spark a critical dialogue on the current situation in MENA societies in relation to: Higher Education, Religious Plurality, Gender Equality and Social Cohesion.
 
Goals
 Analyzing the impact of higher education on issues related to religious plurality, gender equality and socio-cultural and political diversity.Exploring and exchanging success stories and best practices.Providing a pertinent forum of discussion on the conference themes. Sharing the conference’s papers and recommendations with the academic community. Encouraging interdisciplinary analysis and further research in relation to higher education. 

Themes
 The role of higher education in modern social change.Modern inclusive perspectives in higher education in MENA.The role of higher education in contributing to social and economic growth.The role of media in shaping opinions towards inclusive societies.The impact of the Coronavirus pandemic crisis on higher education in the Arab world.The development of exclusive and inclusive identities in today’s MENA.Analyzing university curricula in terms of the notion on inclusivity. 

Call for Papers
 
We invite the submission of papers on original and unpublished research on any of the related topics. Please note the following:
 
Papers should be in Arabic.Papers should be submitted to: ideeb@daralkalima.edu.ps.The only accepted format for submitted papers is word document.May 30, 2020: paper/panel submission deadline (maximum 500 words).June 15, 2020: paper accept/reject notification.August 15, 2020: full paper submission deadline.
 
 
دعوة لتقديم أوراق بحثية
المؤتمر الدولي السادس حول
“التعليم العالي نحو مجتمعات حاضنة للتعددية في الشرق الأوسط وشمال إفريقيا”
 
مقدمة
ينظم كل من كلية دار الكلمة الجامعية للفنون والثقافة والمنتدى الأكاديمي المسيحي للمواطنة في العالم العربي المؤتمر السادس الذي يتمحور حول ” التعليم العالي نحو مجتمعات حاضنة للتعددية في الشرق الأوسط وشمال إفريقيا” في شهر تشرين الأول / أكتوبر من العام 2020، ويأتي هذا المؤتمر استكمالاً للجهود والطروحات التي تمّت في مؤتمر عام 2019 بعنوان “نحو مجتمعات حاضنة للتعددية”، وذلك انطلاقا من التوصيات التي أكدت ضرورة التركيز على دور التعليم العالي في بناء مجتمعات حاضنة للتعددية والاهتمام بهذا الدور باستمرار وتطويره.
 
الأهداف
يهدف المؤتمر إلى تشجيع الباحثين, الخبراء والناشطين من دول الشرق الأوسط وشمال إفريقيا على الانخراط في حوار نقدي بنّاء حول دور التعليم العالي في تعزيز التعددية الاجتماعية والدينية والتعددية المرتبطة بالنوع الاجتماعي. كما سنناقش هنا دور التعليم العالي في تمكين الشابات في العالم العربي.
بالإضافة إلى ما سبق؛ سيتناول هذا المؤتمر الشروط والمنصات المستثمرة في التعليم العالي وكيفية استخدام مهارات الناشطين فيها ومعارفهم في بناء مجتمعات أكثر انفتاحًا وانخراطًا؛ ولا بدّ لنا من الاعتراف بأن مجتمعاتنا لا تزال إلى اليوم بعيدة عن معالجة التحديات الاجتماعية الخطيرة وهي بعيدة كذلك عن تقييم طرق التعامل مع العقبات والقيود التي تحبط بعض المبادرات الجيدة، مما يتحتم عليه توفير التعلم نحو المسؤولية الاجتماعية وزيادة الوعي حول الخيارات المختلفة للمجتمعات الحاضنة للتعددية. هذا من ناحية، أما من ناحية أخرى؛ فيهدف المؤتمر إلى تحفيز الباحثين على التحقيق في هذه القضايا في البحوث الحالية والمستقبلية وحث صانعي السياسات وأصحاب القرار على ضمان وجود التعليم العالي في متناول جميع أفراد المجتمع.
 
وعلى هذا النحو، ندعو الباحثين إلى تقديم أوراق علمية تتناول القضايا المتعلقة بالوضع الحالي لمجتمعات منطقة الشرق الأوسط وشمال إفريقيا وتناقشها وتعالجها في إطار المجتمعات الحاضنة للتعددية، بحيث يوفر مؤتمر “التعليم العالي نحو مجتمعات حاضنة للتعددية في الشرق الأوسط وشمال إفريقيا” مظلة للمواضيع الفرعية الآتية:
تحديات التعليم العالي وإمكانياته فيما يتعلق بـِ:
1) التعددية الاجتماعية الثقافية.
2) التنوع الديني.
3) النوع الاجتماعي.
 
يوفر المؤتمر منتدى لتبادل الأبحاث الحديثة، وتسليط الضوء على المبادرات الاجتماعية للتغيير، وتعزيز التفاعل والحوار بين المشاركين، وجمع النتائج في دراسة شاملة يسهل نشرها على نطاق اوسع. فإن المشاركة في هذا المؤتمر من دول مختلفة سوف تعزز تعدد التخصصات والثقافات من أجل حوارات حقيقية وأفكار جريئة بشكل مستمر. ومن المقرر أن يُعقد المؤتمر في الفترة الواقعة بين 29 تشرين الأول / أكتوبر و1 تشرين الثاني / نوفمبر 2020م في جزيرة قبرص. وستتكون من ثلاثة أيام من المحاضرات والحوارات وتقييم السياقات الاجتماعية الثقافية والاقتصادية والتعليمية. كما سيتم تنفيذ البرنامج باللغة العربية.
 
عنوان المؤتمر
التعليم نحو مجتمعات حاضنة للتعددية في الشرق الأوسط وشمال إفريقيا
 
الهدف الرئيس للمؤتمر
إثارة حوار نقدي حول الوضع الحالي في مجتمعات الشرق الأوسط وشمال إفريقيا فيما يتعلق بـ: التعليم العالي، والتعددية الدينية، والمساواة بين الجنسين، والتماسك الاجتماعي.
 
أهداف المؤتمر
• تحليل أثر التعليم العالي على القضايا المتعلقة بالتعددية الدينية والمساواة بين الجنسين والتنوع الاجتماعي والثقافي والسياسي.
• استكشاف قصص النجاح وأفضل الممارسات والخبرات وتبادلها.
• توفير منتدى ذي صلة وثيقة بين الأعضاء لمناقشة موضوعات المؤتمر.
• مشاركة أوراق وتوصيات المؤتمر مع المجتمع الأكاديمي.
• تشجيع التحليل متعدد التخصصات وإجراء المزيد من البحوث فيما يتعلق بالتعليم العالي.
 
موضوعات المؤتمر ومحاوره
• دور التعليم العالي في التغيير الاجتماعي الحديث.
• منظورات ووجهات نظر شاملة حديثة في التعليم العالي في منطقة الشرق الأوسط وشمال إفريقيا.
• دور التعليم العالي في المساهمة في النمو الاجتماعي والاقتصادي.
• دور الإعلام في تشكيل الآراء تجاه المجتمعات الحاضنة للتعددية.
• أثر أزمة جائحة فيروس كورونا على التعليم العالي في العالم العربي.
• تطوير هويات حصرية ومتعددة في منطقة الشرق الأوسط وشمال إفريقيا اليوم.
. تحليل مساقات جامعية من حيث التطرق الى موضوع التعددية.
 
دعوة لإرسال الأوراق البحثية:
ندعو الباحثين إلى تقديم أوراق بحثية أصلية وليس بالضرورة منشورة حول أي من الموضوعات ذات الصلة.
نرجو ملاحظة ما يلي:

يجب أن تكون الأوراق مكتوبة باللغة العربية. 
• يتم إرسال الأوراق عبر البريد الالكتروني التالي: ideeb@daralkalima.edu.ps
• يتم إرسال الملف بصيغة مستند Word وهي الصيغة الوحيدة المقبولة.
• 30 مايو 2020: الموعد النهائي لتقديم ملخص حول الورقة البحثية في 500 كلمة حد أقصى.
• 15 يونيو 2020: يتم إشعار الراغبين في المشاركة حول قبول الورقة البحثية أو رفضها.
• 15 أغسطس 2020: الموعد النهائي لتقديم الورقة البحثية كاملة.
 
 

Interview with Pamela Chrabieh by Itsliquid Group, Venice – ItalyInterview


It's Liquid Logo

INTERVIEW: PAMELA CHRABIEH

Interview: Pamela Chrabieh
Luca Curci talks with Pamela Chrabieh during ANIMA AMUNDI FESTIVAL 2019 – VISIONS at Palazzo Ca’ Zanardi.

Pamela Chrabieh is a Lebanese & Canadian Doctor in Sciences of Religions, scholar, visual artist, activist, university professor, writer and consultant. She has exhibited her artworks in Canada, Lebanon, the United Arab Emirates and Italy, and has organized and participated in art workshops and art therapy sessions in North America, Europe and Western Asia. She was selected as one of the 100 most influential women in Lebanon in 2013, and won several national and regional prizes in Canada and the United Arab Emirates.

Interview: Pamela Chrabieh
Image courtesy of Pamela Chrabieh

Luca Curci – What’s your background? What is the experience that has influenced your work the most?
Pamela Chrabieh – I was born and raised in the 1970s-1980s war in Lebanon. Growing up in war left me with a thirst to discover the truth behind the endless years spent in shelters and displacement, the survival techniques I learned, such as how to avoid snipers and land mines, the suffering following the destruction of our houses and the horrific deaths of loved ones, the fascination with war games I used to play, and the hours spent with my parents trying to look for bread. War has definitely marked my identity, world vision, and visual expression, but also my journeys and experiences at the crossroads of several countries, cultures and religions.

LC – Which subject are you working on?
PC – Mainly, war and peace as a general subject. Sub-subjects include: Dialogue, Human Rights, Gender Equality, Freedom of Expression, Cultural interpenetrations, Inclusion, etc.

LC – What is your creative process like?
PC – My visual art accompanies my writing, is influenced by it and influences it. And both creative journeys are closely linked to my personal experiences. These experiences should be powerful enough to push me to express myself me such as violence, separation, exile or death. I rarely produce content when I’m going through a status quo. And I rarely follow a strict path to create combinations of words, forms, colors and energies. Emotions and ideas progressively intermingle, and ultimately incarnate. I don’t see the creative journey as a series of specific steps set in stone, from preparation to implementation, but a multilevel construction, deconstruction and reconstruction of mental, physical and spiritual dynamics.
LC – Are your artworks focused on a specific theme?
PC – My artworks are a certain reflection of my journey as a resilient human being, a war survivor who is relentlessly searching for inner peace and peace with others, so that the vicious cycle of war breaks.

Interview: Pamela Chrabieh
Image courtesy of Pamela Chrabieh

LC – How is being an artist nowadays?
PC – As I see it, being an artist nowadays is being (or should be about being) engaged in the production and dissemination of counter-cultures facing hegemonic cultures. It’s also being kind of a neo-renaissance human being, actively participating in building bridges across cultures and working towards more inclusive societies. Beyond a mere profession or a simple expression of one’s emotions, making art is and should be about living it and creating connections through it.

LC – Do you agree with our vision of art and what do you think about the theme of the festival?
PC – Definitely, and as previously mentioned, it is at the heart of my approach and quest. Anima Mundi symbolizes connections between cultures and religions; the contemporary and the traditional; the physical and the mental; the visible and the invisible; the past, present, and future; the logos (word) and the eikon (image); humanity, the natural and the spiritual, etc.

Interview: Pamela Chrabieh
Image courtesy of Pamela Chrabieh

LC – What is the message linked to the artwork you have shown in this exhibition? How is it connected to the theme of the entire festival?
PC – War disconnects lives, memories, and experiences by creating endless cycles of violence, murderous identities, and wounded memories. I have come to believe that these memories are inevitably transmitted from generation to generation in private and public spaces, and that socio-political conviviality and peace need both individual and national healing processes. Or else, the load of traumas that we carry will prevail, fueled by the continuous local and regional crises and State-sponsored amnesia. Contrary to war, peace is the art of connecting. It is a continuous process encompassing historical subjectivities and energies in interpenetrative modes; a process of interacting dynamics, fragmented and common truths, voices, paths, and pathos.
A Duwama (spiral or vortex) is a visualization of this peacebuilding process. It symbolizes life versus death, positive movement towards the manifestation of connections, and therefore, towards forgiveness, healing, and conviviality.
Every one of my Duwamas is a story of transformation, from a shattered and disconnected situation, event, emotion or experience, to a connected realm.

LC – What do you think about ITSLIQUID Platform?
PC – It’s a platform that translates across diverse channels and contributes to transnational creative communication. It pushes the envelope and helps artists who think outside the box connect and discover the richness of their differences.

LC – Did you enjoy cooperating with us?
PC – Yes, and I hope we will pursue this cooperation.

Interview: Pamela Chrabieh
Image courtesy of Pamela Chrabieh
Interview: Pamela Chrabieh
Image courtesy of Pamela Chrabieh
Interview: Pamela Chrabieh
Image courtesy of Pamela Chrabieh
Interview: Pamela Chrabieh
Image courtesy of Pamela Chrabieh

Source: https://www.itsliquid.com/interview-pamela-chrabieh.html

Entrevue sur RFI sur la révolution au Liban, la jeunesse et les droits des femmes

Mon entrevue cet après-midi sur Radio France Internationale (RFI) sur la révolution des femmes au Liban. A partir de la minute 33. Merci à Emmanuelle Bastide pour l’invitation!

“Depuis le 17 octobre, la population libanaise occupe la rue. A l’origine des contestations qui a rassemblé jusqu’à 1,5 millions de personnes, soit 20% de la population du pays, l’annonce d’une taxe sur la messagerie WhatsApp. Le pays a été immobilisé et le premier ministre a annoncé sa démission. Mais le mouvement ne faiblit pas et dénonce désormais les défaillances de l’Etat. Pénuries d’électricité et de gaz, chômage endémique, mariages précoces, dette abyssale, violences conjugales : quelles sont les revendications de la population dans ce pays où l’âge médian est de 29 ans?

Avec :

Bilal TARABAY, Journaliste pigiste franco libanais à France 24, photojournaliste pour l’agence le pictorium, agence indépendante
Dalia OBEID, libanaise, activiste installée en France qui a beaucoup agi en faveur du mariage civil.
Souraya KARAM, étudiante en relations internationales et histoire à l’Université St Joseph de Beyrouth.
Pamela CHRABIEH, activiste féministe et pour la paix depuis 20 ans, docteur en sciences des religions, habite dans les environs de Beyrouth.
Mira MINKARA, guide touristique à Tripoli, fondatrice de « Mira’s guided tour » qui propose des visites guidées culturelles et historique de la ville”.

Source: Liban: que demande la jeunesse? Émission 7 milliards de voisins, RFI, 19 novembre 2019.

Towards Inclusive Societies in the Middle East International Conference

“Towards Inclusive Societies in the Middle East”
Ayia Napa, Cyprus, October 31 – November 2, 2019) full report by Karis Ailabouni:


“Inclusive societies based on equal rights remain at a distance as the Middle East continues to face radicalized religious and political movements. In light of this, Dar al-Kalima University College of Arts and Culture and the Christian Academic Forum for Citizenship in the Arab World (CAFCAW) organized its fifth international conference entitled, “Towards Inclusive Societies in the Middle East”, held in Cyprus from October 31 to November 2, 2019. The conference gathered 47 scholars, activists, and experts from around the world with the aim of stimulating critical dialogue on the factors that hinder equitable societies in the region. In an effort to practice inclusion, 29 (61%) of the conference participants were women, while 9 (19%) were youth under the age of 35. In addition, participants came from diverse national backgrounds. The majority hailed from the region, namely Palestine, Lebanon, Egypt, Jordan, Syria and UAE. However, participants also joined from the USA, Canada, Sweden, the Netherlands, Austria, Germany, and the UK. The conference provided also a forum for Arab scholars from the diaspora to connect to their peers from the region. The forum’s diversity of participation inspired an unparalleled interdisciplinary, ecumenical, and interreligious discussion, through which participants could explore issues from multiple perspectives.

Following a welcome dinner on October 31, the event consisted of eight sessions and 22 paper presentations over two days. Sessions I and II provided a theoretical framing of inclusivity in political and theological terms. This led into sessions III and IV, which tackled gender justice as a critical form of inclusivity. On day 2, the morning consisted of two sets of parallel sessions. The first contextualized inclusivity through specific insights from Lebanon and Egypt, while the second brought unique interdisciplinary approaches to the theme- from philosophy, to germ theory, to natural resource management.

The conference also made space to include a flash panel on the revolution currently unfolding in Lebanon. As a scholarly forum rooted in everyday realities, it was necessary to include this session given its relevance to the themes of the conference and to the sociopolitical context of the region at large. Lebanese participants shared their diverse perspectives from the ground, reflecting on the opportunities and challenges of the revolution as a platform for people to affect social and political change.

Several important themes emerged from the discussions surrounding these sessions. Firstly, the bondage of minoritization and sectorization in the Middle East poses a challenge to inclusive societies. Through histories of colonialism and authoritarianism, Christians have been constructed to think of themselves as minorities and, therefore, inherently disempowered. This phenomenon calls for a radically inclusive, popular theology that rejects sectarianism.

Inclusivity, then, requires societies in the Middle East to learn from local history so that they might deconstruct oppressive power systems inherited from colonialist and authoritarian regimes. Rather than reproducing exclusivist modes of authority, there is an urgent need to build new social contracts that empower the participation of all people in public life. This necessitates not only the building of new political systems, but also a sociocultural shift in which people begin to understand political participation not as a privilege, but as an essential dimension of their being.

Therefore, there is a need to pursue a collective journey towards inclusive societies. This was brought to light in discussions tackling gender justice, as many women’s movements are already carving a place for themselves as equal citizens. For example, women are at the front lines of the revolution in Lebanon. Meanwhile, women Islamic activists in Palestine are challenging the dominant culture by studying Islam and building their religious practice. In addition, women in the Evangelical Church in Egypt are struggling to become ordained leaders in their church through subversive ministry. Youth in the Middle East are also actively excluded from participation in public life. Research presented in the conference showed youth’s growing disillusionment with their future. Although they are eager to better their own community, many feel they must ultimately go abroad to realize their dreams. The problematic of Arab youth and women’s exclusion calls for participatory processes that allow the marginalized in society to make their voices heard.

Finally, the conference concluded with a discussion of pressing topics that might be addressed in future conferences. The recommendations emphasized by participants included the following:

Public theology of the religious other
Liberation from exploitation and authoritarianism
Technology, Religion and virtual realities
The role of education in social change, peace, and reconciliation

CAFCAW executive committee decided to choose the theme of Education for the next year with a working title “The Future of Education in West Asia and North Africa: Education for the Future.”

The conference was utilized as a platform to launch Telos magazine (www.telosmagazine.org), a new online magazine with a focus on public theology.

In addition to the stimulating discussions that surrounded these sessions, one of the greatest successes of the conference occurred informally. Academics and activists from around the world were able to build new connections with one another, creating a network where ideas and experiences could be exchanged. As one participant noted, the conference succeeded in developing a community of scholars and practitioners. This allowed not only for rich and critical dialogue, but also opened endless possibilities for future”.

Concluding Remarks and Recommendations
Lebanon’s Revolution Panel
CAFCAW Executive Committee
Telos Wana Magazine Editorial Committee

Artist Pamela Chrabieh’s “Peace Collection” in Indelible Dubai

I was born and raised in the 1970s-1980s war in Lebanon. My experience as a war survivor has marked my writing and art, as has fueld my quest for peace.

As I see it, peace is not only about ceasefires, the end of bloodshed, the absence of hostilities, and a state of mutual concord between governments, as war is both “physical” and “psychological”.

Peace is about accountability for violence, openness, generosity, clemency, and catharsis.

Peace is and should be a transformation process within mindsets, a celebration of interconnected life and unity in the diversity of complex identities.

As long as the legacy of violence is not addressed within ourselves and our societies, we will remain lost, cut off from connection, living in a never-ending apocalypse of carnages and tortured souls and bodies.

Dr. Pamela Chrabieh is a scholar, writer, visual artist, and activist. Author of several books and papers with a 20+ year experience in higher education, communication, content creation, and the arts, she has exhibited her artworks in Canada, Lebanon, the United Arab Emirates, and Italy. Previously Associate Professor of Middle Eastern Studies at the American University in Dubai, she currently owns and manages a Beirut-based company offering expertise in Learning and Communication. 
http://pamelachrabiehblog.com and http://spnc.co

Source: Indelible

Appel à une médecine d’urgence au Liban

“L’interdiction du concert de Mashrou’ Leila et la polémique qui fait rage depuis plusieurs jours sur les réseaux sociaux m’ont fait penser aux écrits de Mohammad Arkoun, éminent érudit algérien qui remit en question la cristallisation de plusieurs types de discours, notamment religieux.

Arkoun plaidait pour une pratique intellectuelle libre et libératrice, dans une perspective de dépassement dégagée des postulats dogmatiques, ce qui malheureusement est devenu une denrée rare au Liban.

En effet, face à la montée des fanatismes, l’exacerbation des identités meurtrières, le recul des libertés, la sacralisation de la politique et la radicalisation des discours et pratiques, on ne peut qu’appeler à promouvoir cette pensée en tant que médecine d’urgence : une pensée humaniste, ouverte au semblable et au différent, conviviale, incitant à l’écoute mutuelle, au respect et à la désinstrumentalisation du religieux lorsqu’il est à la merci – souvent de façon outrancière – des manipulations idéologiques.

Cette pensée aiderait une partie des Libanais à désapprendre ce qu’ils ont appris suite à des décennies de guerres et de propagation de la peur de l’autre. Désapprendre est un processus et une éducation visant la sortie du système d’exclusion mutuelle, en appliquant l’exercice de la « subversion », qui n’est nullement une destruction ou un rejet, mais qui essaye de comprendre le pourquoi et le comment des choses, de problématiser le canevas épistémologique articulant chaque discours et/ou expression (religieux, politique, littéraire, artistique, etc.).

N’est-il pas temps, en effet, de déconstruire – lorsqu’il le faut – les systèmes de construction du savoir prétendant détenir « la vérité » et offrir des effets de sens ? Et de poser les questions suivantes : jusqu’à quel point les Libanais sont-ils conscients des dimensions idéologiques de leurs discours et de leurs actions ? Quelles structures cognitives emploient-ils dans le but d’interpréter « leurs religions » ? Jusqu’à quel point développent-ils une relation critique entre leur passé et leur présent afin d’avoir un meilleur contrôle sur le futur, et comment cette relation pourrait-elle être effective et créatrice ?

En d’autres termes, nous avons besoin d’une archéologie de discours sédimentés et d’évidences sclérosées, afin de substituer au climat de méfiance et de dénigrement réciproques l’exigence d’une solidarité – voire d’une interpénétration –, en vue de l’exorcisation de la crainte de la perte du sens, de la ruine de l’identité et du crépuscule des valeurs, et afin de dépasser les systèmes de production du savoir, qu’ils soient religieux ou non, qui tentent d’ériger le local, l’historique contingent, l’expérience particulière en universel, en « transcendantal », en « sacré irréductible ».

L’objectif n’est pas de dévaloriser les religions ni les appartenances religieuses, mais d’y puiser ce qui pourrait favoriser l’éclosion de lectures et de pratiques renouvelées de la gestion des diversités au Liban, tout en opérant une ouverture aux discours et pratiques non religieux.

De ce fait, nous sommes appelés à nous engager dans le terrain de la complexité identitaire, à dépasser les frontières dites immuables entre individus et communautés, à sortir des ghettos, à être à l’écoute des attentes et des aspirations de toutes les composantes de la société, à transformer le regard sur l’autre afin qu’il soit dénué de tout projet d’autojustification et le regard sur soi-même pour qu’il ne se complaise pas dans des poncifs convenus”.

Dr. Pamela Chrabieh

L’Orient-le-Jour, Beyrouth, 01/08/2019

https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1181145/appel-a-une-medecine-durgence-au-liban.html

Pop Culture and Social Media in the Arab World

I was interviewed by Terrance Mintner about Pop Culture and Social Media in the Arab World. Here are excerpts of the interview: 

Dr. Pamela Chrabieh, a Beirut-based writer and activist, told The Media Line that young people in the Arab world are using Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, YouTube, WhatsApp and Snapchat at an increasingly faster rate despite government controls and restrictions.

“Several studies conducted in the last decade have shown that pop culture and social media have helped Arab youth express and promote alternative political and social discourses and practices to the ‘official, normative, and institutional’ ones,” she said.

Although social media offers opportunities for creative expression and interaction, Chrabieh explained, there are many young people who must use these mediums while constantly negotiating complex and layered pressures to maintain online identities that meet the expectations of their societies, especially in the Gulf region.

“Fageeh’s work [generating online videos, for example] is one of many initiatives in the Arab world that addresses social and political issues. In fact, there has been an explosion of artistic and cultural productions since the 2000s in the forms of music, poetry, theater, graffiti, movies, etc.,” Dr. Chrabieh noted.

“There are of course cultural icons or ‘figureheads’ but we are witnessing the rise and proliferation of cultural democratization and transnational cultures [global cultures], especially when it comes to street art, videos and digital expression.”

Popular culture in the Arab world should not be viewed as byproduct of the Arab Spring, she explained. Even before the uprisings, it played a significant role in creating social and political transformations in response to what she termed “Ottoman and European colonialization.

“Lastly, it is hard to characterize Arab pop culture as one category given the diverse political institutions, regional history and the many different discourses about identity. Nevertheless, popular culture can help make sense of this complexity.”

READ THE FULL ARTICLE HERE (February 27, 2019)